Farriery (Wales)

Framework status: Current (latest) issue

Framework details

Framework ID: FR03177
Issue number: 2
Issued: 16 December 2014

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Farriery (Wales)
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Issued by

Contact name: Sandie Absalom
Telephone number: 02476 696996
Please download the framework for email contact information.


Defining Apprenticeships

An Apprenticeship is a job with an accompanying skills development programme under an Apprenticeship Agreement designed by employers in the sector. It allows the apprentice to gain technical knowledge and real practical experience, along with essential skills, required for their immediate job and future career. These are acquired through a mix of learning in the workplace, formal off the job training and the opportunity to practice and embed new skills in a real work context. This broader mix differentiates the Apprenticeship experience from training delivered to meet narrowly focused job needs.

All apprentices commencing their Apprenticeship must have an Apprenticeship Agreement between the employer and the apprentice. This can be used to reinforce the understanding of the requirements of the Apprenticeship. 

On completion of the Apprenticeship the apprentice must be able to undertake the full range of duties, in the range of circumstances appropriate to the job, confidently and competently to the standard set by the industry.

The Farriery Industry

Farriery is a specialist profession and under the Farriers (Registration) Act 1975 as amended, farriery is defined as ‘any work in connection with the preparation or treatment of a horse for the immediate reception of a shoe thereon, the fitting by nailing or otherwise of a shoe to the foot or the finishing off of such work to the foot’. There are around 2,683 registered farriers in the UK, 300 ATFs and 451 apprentices in the UK.

A farrier is a skilled crafts person with the skills and knowledge of shoeing all types of equine feet, whether normal or defective, making shoes to suit all types of animal and working conditions and of devising corrective measures that will help compensate for faulty limb action.

Farriery is a profession where the majority are self-employed or work within a small company and so it is estimated that the number of farriery businesses is equal to the number of farriers at 150 in Wales. This represents 6% of the businesses and employment within the sector, however, farriers support the equine industry, which also represents 5% of the businesses in the sector in Wales. The National Equine Database estimates that there are a million or more horses in the UK and therefore it is important for farriers to have the skills and knowledge required to work within the profession.

The Farriery Apprenticeship is the main entry route within the UK into the farriery profession, due to the knowledge and experience required by the industry and the legislation involved. There are other entry routes for those with professional experience or recognised qualifications e.g. the UK Army runs a training scheme and a few overseas qualifications are recognised. To become a Registered Farrier a four year and two month Apprenticeship with an FRC Approved Training Farrier must be completed.  There is currently only an English Farriery Apprenticeship framework which all learners throughout the UK complete.  By introducing the Welsh Farriery Apprenticeship this will open up opportunities for apprentices to follow the Welsh framework, rather than have to travel to England to complete all of the components of the framework.

To register onto the Apprenticeship a prospective apprentice must be accepted by an ATF who must propose them to the training provider to ensure that they meet the entry requirements and are prepared to train. Apprentice farriers work on behalf of their ATF who oversees and takes responsibility for their professional behaviour and quality of their work throughout their training.

Qualified farriers are registered with the Farriers Registration Council (FRC) which can provide a list of all registered farriers. The training providers can provide prospective apprentices with a current ATF list. During their training, apprentice farriers will work under the supervision of their Approved Training Farrier, learning to:

  • Handle and restrain horses
  • Check the horse's leg, foot and hoof
  • Discuss and agree the horse’s shoeing requirements
  • Cut away excess hoof growth and make sure the horse is balanced correctly
  • Choose the most appropriate shoe for the horse relating to its size, foot condition, activity, work and working conditions
  • Fit the shoe and complete any finishing off work
  • Adjust the shape of the shoe if necessary using the relevant tools
  • Make tools and horse shoes
  • Maintain the forge and equipment.

Throughout the development Lantra, worked closely with the farriery industry, Approved Training Farriers, Registered Farriers and representative organisations and associations including:

  • The British Farriers and Blacksmiths Association
  • The Farriers Registration Council
  • The Worshipful Company of Farriers
  • British Horseracing Education and Standards Trust

Completion of the Apprenticeship could lead to becoming a registered farrier. Further information on the farriery industry can be found at www.lantra.co.uk.

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Farriery (Wales)
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