Equine (Wales)

Framework status: Current (latest) issue

Framework details

Framework ID: FR03993
Issue number: 3
Issued: 12 December 2016

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Equine (Wales)
(PDF document 5.64 MB)

Issued by

Contact name: Sandie Absalom
Telephone number: 02476 696996
Please download the framework for email contact information.


Defining Apprenticeships

An Apprenticeship is a job with an accompanying skills development programme under an Apprenticeship Agreement designed by employers in the sector. It allows the apprentice to gain technical knowledge and real practical experience, along with essential skills, required for their immediate job and future career. These are acquired through a mix of learning in the workplace, formal off the job training and the opportunity to practice and embed new skills in a real work context. This broader mix differentiates the Apprenticeship experience from training delivered to meet narrowly focused job needs.

All apprentices commencing their Apprenticeship must have an Apprenticeship Agreement between the employer and the apprentice. This can be used to reinforce the understanding of the requirements of the Apprenticeship.

On completion of the Apprenticeship the apprentice must be able to undertake the full range of duties, in the range of circumstances appropriate to the job, confidently and competently to the standard set by the industry.

The Equine industry

The Equine industry in Wales is made up of a number of sub areas including: riding schools, livery yards, competition yards, racing yards, clubs and hunts, instructors, working horses and studs and diversified Equine activities. This provides a wide range of jobs which include: looking after the horses health and welfare, cleaning stables, riding horses for exercise and preparing horses for competitions. There are many organisations that work within the Equine industry including British Horse Society (BHS) representing over 69,899 members and the racing industry supports 100,000 direct, indirect and associated jobs across all nations.

Research carried out by Lantra in 2010 found that micro-businesses dominate the land-based and environmental sector with 98% of businesses in the industry employing fewer than ten members of staff. A high proportion of the workforce is self-employed, 64% compared to just 13% of the general population in Wales. Therefore, each person has an important role to play within the organisation. This emphasises the need for employees to have a variety of skills to help the organisation grow and remain profitable. Skills such as customer relations, written and oral communication and planning and organising are deemed to be of value by the industry and are often cited as a skills gap.

The Equine sector is an important industry within the land-based and environmental sector in Wales with 1030 businesses and 1570 employees. It is essential that the industry has suitable qualifications for entry into, and progression within, so that they can maintain high levels of Equine health and welfare. The Foundation Apprenticeship, Apprenticeship and Higher Apprenticeship in Equine provide an entry route into the sector and is suitable for those people who have a keen interest and are looking for a career working with horses.  Following the successful completion of the Apprenticeship, there are many opportunities available which could include specialising within the profession, completing other vocational courses or progressing into Further and/or Higher Education.

The Equine industry in Wales values the Foundation Apprenticeship/Apprenticeship/Higher Apprenticeship as an entry route into the sector.  Although the uptake is low for the Foundation Apprenticeship/Apprenticeship, it is a niche industry which requires specialist training.  Lantra is also working with the Welsh providers to increase awareness and uptake across Wales.

It is the view of the Equine industry that because of the nature of their business, work-based learning through Apprenticeships is a good way for apprentices to learn the necessary skills required to work in a practical environment. This important entry mechanism has therefore been highlighted by employers which includes the need to prioritise and increase the awareness and uptake of the Equine Foundation Apprenticeship/Apprenticeship framework.

The Equine Foundation Apprenticeship and Apprenticeship framework has been designed to offer three pathways that are reflective of the areas of work within the Equine industry:

Horse Care where apprentices will maintain the health and welfare of horses, prepare horses and customers for treks and carry out other general horse care duties.

  • Job Roles within the Foundation Apprenticeship include – Assistant Groom, Assistant Stud Groom/Hand, Trek Assistant.
  • Job Roles within the Apprenticeship include: Groom, Assistant Yard Manager, Trek Leader, Intermediate Instructor/Level 3 Coach.

Racehorse Care apprentices will carry out general health and welfare duties, work horses through riding and prepare horses for races.

  • Job Roles within the Foundation Apprenticeship include – Assistant Groom, Assistant Stud Groom/Hand, Apprentice Jockey, Conditional Jockey.
  • Job Roles within the Apprenticeship include: Groom, Assistant Yard Manager, Jockey.

Harness Horse Care apprentices will carry out general health and welfare duties as well as learning to work with horses in harness.

  • Job Roles within the Foundation Apprenticeship include – Assistant Groom, Supporting Harness Horse Trainer.
  • Job Roles within the Apprenticeship include:  Harness Horse Groom, Harness Horse Driver/Assistant, Harness Horse Trainer.

The Equine Higher Apprenticeship framework has been designed to offer two pathways which focuses on specific areas of the Equine industry (excluding racehorse and harness horses):

Yard Management - Yard Managers are employed by equestrian business owners to make sure the yard runs efficiently. A Yard Manager is responsible for the day to day running of the yard including managing staff, care of the horses, all aspects of health and safety and dealing with clients/owners. 

  • Job Roles within the Higher Apprenticeship include - Yard Manager

Riding and Horse Training - Rider and Horse Trainers will manage and assess staff/trainees; be competent and confident in all aspects of horse care and management; train a variety of horses both on the flat and over fences; work with horses on the ground and actively compete horses in affiliated/unaffiliated competitions.

  •  Job Roles within the Higher Apprenticeship include - Rider and Horse Trainer 

Further information on the Equine industry can be found at: www.lantra.co.uk/research.

The framework will also contribute to meeting the skills priorities in Wales by:

Providing flexible access to a high quality (Level 2, 3 and 4) skills programme, which acts as an alternative to full-time courses for those who prefer this style of learning and achievement; incorporating skills to improve the levels of general literacy and numeracy in Wales; using technical and competence qualifications, valued by employers, to help their businesses grow; developing apprentices' employability skills, making them more attractive to all employers whichever career they choose; providing a career pathway into jobs and training at intermediate and higher level, to provide the skills which the economy needs to grow.

Download framework

Equine (Wales)
(PDF document 5.64 MB)